At −78.5 °C (−109.3 °F), carbon dioxide (CO₂) is in its solid state which is called 'Dry Ice'. It comprises of two oxygen atoms bonded to a single carbon atom. Dry ice has the feature of sublimation, where it can change from solid state to the gas state with no intervening liquid form. This feature makes CO₂ the most suitable material for cleaning different surfaces without abrasion and secondary moist and waste as well as cold chain transportation. Dry ice ensures products are preserved in a cold dry atmosphere with minimal chance of spoilage due to moisture or high temperatures.